How Son Doong was saved by a public sphere

A virtual public sphere brought about real change in Vietnam

by William Holland
The 18th-century coffee house

The public sphere” is a concept developed by Jurgen Habermas in 1962, referring to a metaphorical “18th-century coffee house”, where the middle-classed gentlemen would meet to discuss popular issues of the day. It was supposed to ideally be an open space separated from the government where citizens can debate about common concerns; however, it did not quite live up to those expectations (Turnbull 2017). Continue reading “How Son Doong was saved by a public sphere”

He Asked for My Hand (Then Broke It)

He gave me a ring when he proposed/He gave me a broken bone for nothing at all


poem2

The lines echoed in my head when I was browsing through a list of powerful images raising awareness of domestic violence (DV) and stopped at this picture, a part of the series His Presents by Martin Lever (UAE) (2008) for City of Hope:

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This image is a powerful example of Semioticsthe study of signs and symbols and their use or interpretation – which probably is the backbone for the most efficient social campaigns. Continue reading “He Asked for My Hand (Then Broke It)”