How Son Doong was saved by a public sphere

A virtual public sphere brought about real change in Vietnam

by William Holland
The 18th-century coffee house

The public sphere” is a concept developed by Jurgen Habermas in 1962, referring to a metaphorical “18th-century coffee house”, where the middle-classed gentlemen would meet to discuss popular issues of the day. It was supposed to ideally be an open space separated from the government where citizens can debate about common concerns; however, it did not quite live up to those expectations (Turnbull 2017). Continue reading “How Son Doong was saved by a public sphere”